Understanding Plant Grafting and Its Ways and Benefits

In the process of obtaining quality fruit, it is necessary to make some efforts that we usually know as grafting plants. Transplanting plants is a way of artificial vegetative breeding of plants. Such ways of breeding are aimed at obtaining approximately the same result as the mother, or even better.

Understanding Plant Grafting

The process of transplanting plants is a fairly simple and easy breeding process. The process of transplanting plants can even be done by people who do not really understand about plantations, but on the condition that the person understands the steps in grafting.

Grafting is one of the fastest solutions for growing roots on the stems of plants. Therefore , most grafting processes use not very large twigs. Grafting has the main purpose of producing fruit more quickly with not too large plant growth.

  1. Rahardi in his book entitled Agar Tanaman Buah Buah revealed that grafting can only be applied to two-piece or dicotyledonous seed plants. In order to get quality and quality results, the branches or branches that will be used in grafting should not be too old or too young.

Steps to Transplant a Plant

Well, before carrying out the grafting process, there are several things that are done and paid attention to.

[algolia_carousel]

1. Choosing the mother plant to be grafted.

This election is the most important step. Whether or not the results of grafting are determined from the selection of the mother plant. Therefore , before grafting it is expected to ensure that the mother plant to be used in grafting is of good quality and quality.

2. Choosing twigs or stems of plants that are straight in shape.

There are several conditions that need to be considered before choosing a stem for grafting, namely that the stem is not too old or too young. In addition, the stem of the selected plant should be straight in shape and get enough sunlight. The selection of plant stems here has the purpose that the process of photosynthesis in plants can run well and can accelerate root growth in grafted plant stems .

3. Peeling the bark on the stem of the plant

The first step that needs to be done in this stage is to peel the bark 5 cm long. The trunk or twigs or branches to be used must be peeled off part of the bark. Make sure that the stem of the plant is clean of adhering bark.

4. Cleaning the cambium on the stem of the plant

The cambium present on the trunk or twigs or branches of the plant should be cleaned around the perimeter with a knife first. The easiest technique for cleaning the cambium content in the stem of a plant is to palpate part of the stem of the plant. If the stem of the plant already feels perverted, then it can be ascertained that the stem of the plant is clean from the cambium.

5. Leave the stem of the plant for 1 day.

This step needs to be done so that the peeled stems of the plant can be dry and resistant to diseases and fungi. At this stage, the thing that needs to be ensured is the cambium content in the stem of the plant, it is expected that the stem of the plant is clean and there is no cambium attached. This step will be useful so that the graft results can grow well in producing quality and quality seedlings.

6. Closing the stem of the plant

The next step is to wrap the stem of the plant in plastic or use coconut husk. Wrapping can be done by first multiplying the lower part of the peeled stem of the plant. Having made a rope on the lower part of the stem of the plant, the next step is to fill the stem of the plant with earth. The expected use of the soil is fertile soil. Finally, wrap the top with plastic or coconut husk until it resembles a capsule.

7. Water the plant regularly and regularly.

The process of transplanting plants requires a patient and painstaking attitude. The thing that can be done so that the grafting process can be faster and the graft can immediately produce roots is to do regular and regular watering. It is absolutely not allowed to allow the soil in it to experience drought because it lacks water intake. Besides. the thing that can be done to make the soil more fertile is to supplement it with fertilizer.

8. Wait until the roots grow.

Well, signs that the grafting process has been successful is that the stem of the plant removes brown growing roots from its wrapper. After the roots come out, it can be ascertained that the stems of the grafted plants can be cut and then sown.

The benefits of grafting plants

As already stated above that the process of transplanting plants is a quick way to produce beautiful fruits and flowers. Plus, the merger of two plants into one will further make the plant strong and resistant to various diseases and fungi. But, behind the advantages of grafting plants, grafting also has disadvantages that need to be considered.

Pros:

Proportional height

Grafting plants will grow to a lower height than their parents. Plants that are tall but can already bear fruit or bloom make the plant easier to care for and not messy.

Fresh and lush fruiting or flowering

Grafting plants will be faster to bear fruit or bloom. In addition, because the grafting process comes from a quality and quality parent, the fruit or flower produced will also be better when compared to the parent.

 Parent-like qualities

The process of grafting plants will not reduce the quality of the mother, instead the grafting plants will have similar or even better qualities and qualities than the mother.

Cons:

The brood is damaged.

The grafting process will actually not reduce the quality of the brood, but the thing to note is excessive peeling on the stem of the mother plant. As a result of being peeled off more than use, it can make the brood damaged and even die.

Prone to death.

After graft remove the roots and are ready to be cut and sown. The thing to note is care. Grafting plants should be provided with special care and cannot be ignored. Freshly sown grafting plants are not yet as strong as plants sown from seeds, therefore, it is necessary to carry out special and painstaking care so that the plant can grow optimally.

Well, knowledge about the advantages and disadvantages of transplanting plants is very necessary, considering that there are so many things that need to be considered so that plants can grow lushly and develop with well. Like caring for a child, a plant that is still small and just growing requires special attention, it is certainly different from a large plant. Therefore, the key to successful grafting is the determination of the owner.

 Differences in layering and grafting

Actually, the ways of grafting are numerous and varied. The naming of grafting also varies, from layering, grafting, to transplanting.

Here are the differences from the ways of transplanting plants.

1. Layering

Layering is a way of transplanting plants by planting plant branches that are still connected to the mother plant to be used as roots and grow new plants. After the graft removes the roots, the stem of the plant is then cut off for sowing.

2. Grafting

Grafting is a way of grafting that combines two different types of plants into one. Many people do Grafting to produce fresher and lush fruits or flowers.

3. Transplant

Transplantation is a way of grafting by moving the plant from place to place. In the process of transplantation, it will usually require new soil and pot.

Again, thoroughness in carrying out the method of grafting steps and caring for grafted plants is the key to successful grafting. Therefore, a correct knowledge of the basic techniques of how to transplant is the best step before starting to transplant plants

 Artificial Vegetative Reproduction

Reproduction basically has the meaning of recreating. In the field of plants, usually reproduction can be interpreted as breeding or in other words continuing offspring, Please note, reproduction in plants can take place with two the method is sexually (Generative) and Asexually (vegetatively).

  • Sexual (Generative): This means that the new plants that grow are the result of the Fertilization process. Fertilization itself can be interpreted as the fusion of male gamete cells and female gamete In simple terms, this process is common and common as a mating process.
  • Vegetative means, new plants that are produced without going through the fertilization process. Vegetative itself in the process of occurrence can be divided into two types, namely natural vegetative and artificial

Natural vegetative can be done with special means or tools. Natural vegetatives usually occur a lot in meristem tissue cells. The natural vegetative way of reproduction is by: rhizoma root, stolon, Stem tuber, Lapis tuber, Root tuber, Adventitious budding and budding.

Meanwhile, Artificial Vegetative is a successful breeding process because it gets help from outside parties, or humans. Artificial vegetatives can also occur due to human engineering. Artificial vegetative reproduction has a specific purpose, such as to obtain superior seedlings as desired.

Interestingly, artificial vegetative reproduction is not only grafting. Here are five ways of artificial vegetative breeding, namely grafting, sticking (grafting), splicing, cuttings, and ducking.

The following are the ways of artificial vegetative breeding:

1. Grafting

As discussed above, grafting is one of the fastest processes for propagating plants in artificial vegetative breeding. The end result of grafting is to make the trunk or branch of the tree secrete the roots. Briefly, the grafting step is to peel off a little tree bark and then wrap it in coconut husk or plastic and powdered with earth.

Plants that can be grafted are just dicotyledonous plants or two-piece seeds. The most frequently grafted plants are orange, guava, mango, rambutan, or durian.

2 . Cuttings

Cuttings are one of the artificial vegetative breeding . The step to texture the plant can be done by cutting on one part of the plant. Further, the cut of the plant can be directly implanted in the stem of the plant that has been opened with a knife.

Cuttings are one of the fastest and commonly done ways to propagate a plant. Textured plants are usually ornamental and fruit crops, such as grapes, passion fruit, apples or pepper.

3. Grafting

Grafting is one of the ways that is often used to propagate plant seeds. Grafting can be done by attaching a piece of tree bark that has a bud from the scion on a wedge from the bark of another tree. As a rule, the bark of the tree is taken from the rootstock. It is intended that the plants come together and become new ones.

Some people usually use grafting as one of the techniques for improving the quality of plants vegetatively artificially . Just like any other way, artificial vegetative breeding by means of grafting is aimed at obtaining superior quality plant seeds.

4. Menyambung

Connecting plants is one way to propagate plants. This process itself can be carried out by combining the scion and rootstock of two similar plants. The purpose of the self-splicing process is to combine the superior properties of two plants. It is expected to obtain one plant that has superior properties.

The splicing technique is usually used for vegetable crops such as tomatoes with eggplants. In addition, it is also widely used for fruit crops such as coffee, tree kettle, or mango.

5. Ducking

Ducking is also one of the techniques used to propagate plants. The process of ducking uses the technique by bending the trunk or branches into the ground to be deposited with soil. However, the tip of the plant remains removed to the surface of the soil. In this breeding process, the trunk of the tree used must be an old or adult trunk.

The process of reproduction of ducking is usually applied to those plants that have long and pliable stems or twigs. The plant that is commonly used for the breeding method of ducking is betel-betel. How to duck making cambium on the stem of the plant does not need to be removed, since it is already removed by the soil naturally.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.